An Interesting Story (Well, Part of One)
John Joseph Adams (he who liked "Palma" but rejected it) is putting out an anthology entitled Seeds of Change in which science-fiction is used to take on issues like global warming, peak oil, racism, etc.
On one of my Internet forums, someone posted an article about the possibility of cloning the Neanderthal Man and whether this would be practical or ethical.
Here's the article:
Should We Clone Neanderthals?
Someone posted a link to one of the stories in JJA's anthology, which covers this very topic (I think it uses the possibility of cloning Neanderthals to discuss racism in our world).
"N-Words" by Ted Kosmatka
It's an excerpt and it's not the "pow-pow LASER" type of science-fiction, but it's really interesting.
About whether or not to clone Neanderthals, I posited on my forum that if you cloned one, had it raised by ordinary parents, and observed the results, that would be doable.
After all, you're not putting something that's essentially human (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis or Homo neanderthalensis) in a cage and poking it.